“Do you realize that if you fall into a black hole, you will see the entire future of the Universe unfold in front of you in a matter of moments and you will emerge into another space-time created by the singularity of the black hole you just fell into?” ~ Neil deGrasse Tyson
What is a Black Hole?
In easy words, it is a region in space where the force of gravity is so impossibly strong that nothing, not even light can escape from it. People may think of black holes as something impossible to describe, just because no one has ever come back safe from there.
Scientists have still to discover and reveal the true science behind a black hole. Myths are that such a thing as a Black Hole doesn’t even exist. But as a matter of fact, these undefined holes have a major role in maintaining the balance and discipline of our universe.
How Black Holes come into being
Black holes are made up of atoms and molecules just like any other object. Actually, when a star dies in a supernova explosion, its remnants form a black hole. So, we can say that the death of a star is the birth of a black hole. Now, what causes this phenomenon to be so intriguing? What is the big deal anyway?
When a star collapses, it travels towards something called an event horizon. In that event horizon, time starts to slow down and eventually, stops. The dying star ceases to collapse further and develops into a black body that absorbs any object close to it with an impossibly strong force of attraction.
Is Supernova the only phenomenon that causes a Black Hole?
No, this phenomenon does not necessarily occur only for a star. Any spatial object (such as a moon or a planet) if compressed enough will act as a black hole.
To further understand the concept of black holes and how they form, it is important to know about something called an Interstellar medium, and what effect it has on the formation and density of a black hole.
The Interstellar Medium
Interstellar is the matter that exists in the space between star galaxies. Between where the solar radiation from one galaxy and the other (heliopause) stops having its effect on spatial objects is where an Interstellar medium occurs.
The effects of Interstellar Medium on a black hole
The density of an interstellar medium is not uniform throughout. This means that in some places mass will be more while in others it will be less. The shock waves generated by the supernova process variates the mass and density of an interstellar medium. This mass and density increase the gravitational force around it, causing radiation to emit. These radiations form stars that in turn form black holes.
The mystery of Black Holes still requires thorough research and reasoning. But we try our best to provide you with the know-how of what this gigantic mystery does to our universe.